Category Archives: Blog

1916 Irish
Volunteer Brigades

In Dublin

      • P Nolan & Patrick Nolan at Boland’s Mills
      • Tomas Ó Nualláin at the Four Courts
      • John Nolan at City Hall
      • Patrick Nolan at Jacob’s Factory
          • George Nolan on Marrowbone Lane

Patrick Nolan, Boland’s Mills, served in “A” Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade. Born in 1895 he died on the 12th of April 1979. He fought at Boland’s Mills, on Grand Canal Street and along the Dublin and South Eastern Railway Line between Westland Row and Lansdowne Road. He also fought during the War of Independence and remained with the National Army up to 1924 being a Lieutenant with the Mechanical Transport Corps.

George Nolan, Marrowbone Lane, served in “A” Company,  4th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, fighting on Marrowbone Lane throughout Easter Week.  On the day of the surrender he was ordered by Con Colbert to deliver letters to Fathers Kiernan and Eugene at Mont Argus and after delivering the letters he was not to return to Marrowbone Lane, as a result he was not interned after the Rising. In 1917 his Company was reorganised and he fought throughout the War of Independence. At Christmas 1920 he was recruited into a full time Active Service Unit and took part in several attacks on British personnel including Colonel Winters and the burning of the Customs House.

In County Wexford

Michael Nolan, Enniscorthy, served in “A” Company, Enniscorthy, Wexford Brigade. Aged 47 years old at the time of the Rising, he fought at the Athenaeum, Saint John’s Mill, Cooperative Road and Slaney Road Enniscorthy and at Manor Mills Enniscorthy. He joined the Volunteers at their inception in Enniscorthy in 1913 and was also a member of the I.R.B. Arrested at his place of work on Tuesday the 2nd of May, he was taken from Enniscorthy to Waterford and then to Richmond Barracks Dublin before being deported to Stafford. He was released from Stafford on May 17th 1916. He had no further activity with the Volunteers or I.R.A. and did not take part in the War of Independence or Civil War.

In County Galway

Bartley Nolan served as a Volunteer in the Castlegar Company of the Galway Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Aged about 20 years old during the Rising he fought at Carnmore Cross, Agricultural Station Athenry, Moyode and Limepark County Galway. He went on the run after the Rising and was captured on May 9th. He was released from Frongoch Prison at the beginning of August 1916 and re-joined the Volunteers on reorganisation in 1917. He took no part in the Civil War.

1921 Sinn Féin Rep
– James Nowlan

1921-James-Nowlan

In this picture taken at Croke Park on Sunday, 11 September 1921, the Dublin hurling team looks on, as a very happy Harry Boland smiles directly at the camera and Michael Collins shakes hands with James Nowlan (1862–1924), GAA president, Sinn Féin representive and Kilkenny Alderman. Less than a year before on 21 November 1920, British forces had stormed  into Croke Park during a match, killing 14 civilians.  Less than a year later, on 2 August 1922, Boland was dead from a gunshot wound and 20 days later, on 22 August, Collins was assassinated at Béal na Bláth.

James Nowlan was a member of the Gaelic League, a lifelong supporter of the Irish language revival movement and a supporter of Sinn Féin from its founding in 1905. He was President of the Gaelic Athletic Association from 1901 to 1921. He held that position for twenty years – making him the longest serving GAA president.
Following the 1916 Easter Rising, Nowlan was arrested by the British and interned without trial in Frongoch, Wales. In August of that year he was released. He publicly voiced support for the Irish Republican Army during the Anglo-Irish War. Nowlan Park, the GAA stadium in Kilkenny, was renamed in his honour. He is buried in Glasnevin cemetery.

1914-07-26 Dublin Bachelor’s Walk – Shooting by British Soldiers

At about 6.30pm on July 26, 1914 along Bachelors Walk beside the Liffey River the King’s Own Scottish Borderers (KOSB) returning to the Royal Barracks (now Collins Barracks) were confronted by a hostile crowd of about 600.

When the KOSB had reached about 100 yards of the Ha’penny Bridge, the crowd was right behind them at which point the soldiers were ordered to block the street. They fired on the crowd. Four people died and many more were injured, including John Nolan of 44 Cabra Road, Dublin, who received a bullet wound to the leg.

1916/03/27 Dublin: Aid to Soldiers during Easter Rising

On 24 February 1917, at Buckingham Palace, King George V honoured Louisa Nolan just 18 years old with the Military Medal for her actions during the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin.

1916-Louisa-Nolan

According to the Sinn Féin Rebellion Handbook, she tended to wounded officers and men during the battle on Mount Street Bridge.

Official British casualties accounted four officers and 216 other ranks killed or wounded during the engagement at Mount Street. Seventeen Volunteers had taken up defensive positions in buildings along the street. Four Volunteers escaped through the rear of the buildings evading capture.

Louisa Nolan was the daughter of the former head constable of the Royal Irish Constabulary (Ireland’s police force before 1922). After the Rising, Louisa Nolan moved to London where her two sisters were nurses. Her two brothers were in the British Army and Navy respectively. A third brother was killed in August 1916 on the Western Front during World War I.

Lou Lawrence on Facebook notes:
“Louisa Nolan was my great, great aunt.”

Galway, St Francis Abbey – John Nolan (c1733-1793) – of Loughboy??

Recently James F. Nolan of Wisconsin and his wife (see earlier Post) found in the courtyard of St. Francis abbey, Galway city,  an old Nolan tombstone dating back to the 1700s reading as follows: “Lord have mercy on the soul of  John Nolan who died August 26, 1793 aged sixty years.”

Based upon the writings of James Hardiman in the early 1800s (History of Galway),  we also know that an older Nolan memorial is known to have existed on the grounds of St. Francis abbey, having been refurbished sometime before that by a Michael O’Nolan of Loughboy.  To my knowledge, for reasons unknown, no recent visitor to the abbey has been able to locate this memorial which presumably existed in the early 1800s when Hardiman wrote about it.  Could the tombstone inscription for  John Nolan (c1733-1793) have been etched unto the older existing Nolan memorial?  Based upon my experience this would certainly be a possibility, perhaps using another side of the stone.  I would therefore suggest that the headstone found by Jim (James F. Nolan of Wisconsin) be more closely inspected to see if traces of earlier inscriptions can be found.

Putting this possibility aside and reflecting upon who the John Nolan who died in 1793 might have been,  a promising lead is found at the website documenting Galway’s Landed Estates.  From the information found at the website it is evident that  a John Nolan of Loughboy existed in the 1700s but one generation earlier than the “John Nolan” buried in the abbey courtyard.  Could the John Nolan (1774-1820) of Loughboy documented on  a webpage at the Galway Landed Estates website have been the son of the John Nolan buried in the St. Francis abbey courtyard?

Circumstancial evidence pointing in this direction certainly exists! Recall that it was a “Michael O’Nolan of Loughboy” who erected the older, now lost (?), memorial to the Nolans of Loughboy.  That the John Nolan buried on the grounds of the St Francis abbey be of the Loughboy Nolan family would be consistent with the fact that Nolans of Loughboy had already been buried there in earlier times.

A review of the sources cited at the Galway Landed Estates webpage (see link above)  may help to confirm or refute this conjecture.  Following is the relevant excerpt from ta page found at the Galway Landed Estates website:

BEGINNING of EXCERPT

Nolan/ Ferrall (Lugboy) Estate

  • Reference #3380: Deeds re. estate of
    John Nolan of Loughboy, Co Mayo, 1774-1820.
    D. 16,536-16,538
    (RN:  available at the National Library of Ireland )
  • Reference #5110: Agreement between
    John Nolan of Cloonaville, county Sligo & John Nolan of Logboy, county Mayo re repayment of loan, 1810.
    D. 16,537   
    (RN:  available at the National Library of Ireland )
  • Reference #12375: Westport Estate Papers, Collection List 78. Details of Lord Oranmore and Browne’s lands sold in the Encumbered Estates’ Court, including  8 lots purchased
    by John Nolan Ferrall, May 1855.
    MS 40,966/34
    (RN:  available at the National Library of Ireland )

END of EXCERPT

For anyone interested in the Nolans of Loughboy, Lugboy or Lugboy (current spelling) , Co. Mayo, an article entitled “The Nolan Chantry” and relating to a descendant of the Nolan-Ferrall family,  a Monsignor Edmond Nolan, son of John Nolan of Logboy,  was published in the March 2015 edition of the Nolan Clan Newsletter.
From this article and other sources it would appear that this line of Nolans was of the Roman Catholic persuasion as would have been the John Nolan buried on the grounds of the St. Francis abbey.

At this point I would also like to express my sincere thanks to Jim Nolan of Wisconsin and his wife for bringing to our attention the old Nolan tombstone in the courtyard of St. Francis abbey in Galway city.

With best regards,
Roger Nowlan,  webmaster and Nolan Clan Newsletter editor.

Headstone of John Nolan

In the Courtyard of the Abbey of St. Francis in Galway City Center is a tomsbstone whose inscription reads as follows:

“Lord Have Mercy on the Soul of John Nolan
who died August 26th 1793 Aged Sixty Years”.

From which Nolan line this John belongs is yet to be determined. The picture appearing below was taken September 26, 2015 by Jim Nolan.

20150926_114948

Nowlan of Brooklyn

In 2012, as part of a project entitled Uncovering the Secrets of Brooklyn’s 19th Century Past: Creation to Consolidation, the Brooklyn Historical Society indexed close to a linear foot of material (papers, postcards, photographs and slides) which had been collected by a local resident named Donald L. Nowlan. Here is a link to the online index for the Donald L. Nowlan archived material.

As part of its effort to document the Nolan diaspora spread around the world the Nolan Clan family organization would be interested in contacting this family.

Quoting from the Brooklyn Historical Society’s website content created circa 2012, “Donald L. Nowlan (b. circa 1921) is a Brooklyn resident who attended Brooklyn schools from elementary school through university. Nowlan went to Saint Saviour Elementary School located in the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn. He graduated high school in 1939 from Manual Training High School (now the Secondary School for Law, Journalism and Research) also in Park Slope. Following his high school graduation, Nowlan served in the 12th Armored Division, 56th Armored Infantry Battalion, Company HQ during World War II. Known as the Hellcats, the 12th Armored Division helped to liberate 10 satellite camps of the Dachau concentration camp that was located in Germany. Following his military service, Nowlan attended Brooklyn College, located in the Midwood neighborhood of Brooklyn. He graduated in 1948 with a BA in Romance Languages. Nowlan grew up in Park Slope and lived at 470 3rd Street.”

If you do have further information on this family you are invited to contact the Nolan Clan family organization.

In particular, you may contact Chris Nolan, a clan member who lives in the New York/Brooklyn area.

Connaught – O’Nolan Origins

Attached are a few references which, in my opinion, are relevant to our discussion on the “early origins of the O’Nolans of Connaught”.

In essence, the attached references suggest that O’Nolans (O hUllachains) from counties Offaly or Limerick followed the Anglo-Normans into Connaught beginning in the early 1200s:

  • as part of Irish forces allied with the O’Briens of Thomond/Clare (who had intermarried with the de Burghs) when O’Flaherty’s castle was taken over in 1228 by Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster
  • as tenants to Anglo-Norman lords granted lands in Connaught by the de Burghs, starting in 1238, after their victory in 1237
  • as tradesmen/craftspeople supplying services to the Anglo-Normans of Connaught (e.g. carpenters, metalworkers, etc.).

This is a first post in a series of Posts solliciting feedback/comments
on how to best interpret the information contained in available sources:

Thank You,
Roger